Historically, Malays were known to be the early settlers in the area and they lived in villages of Kampung Ipoh and Kampung Paloh along the banks of Kinta River in early 1800s. Later the Malay settlements grew bigger and formed Kampung Kuala Pari and Kampung Jawa. After the arrival of British in the tin rich valley in 1878, the scenario changed and Malays no longer dominated the place. There were large number of Chinese immigrants migrated to Ipoh during the tin rush in the late 1890s.
Ipoh became the centre for tin trade. Thus, the town expanded to accommodate the large influx of miners and it became the largest settlement area in the Kinta valley. The tin trade contributed to the wealth of the city, and Ipoh prospered into a cosmopolitan city dominated by the Chinese community. Indians were brought to Malaya by the British during the booming rubber industry in 1900s.Most of them resided in the rubber plantation and estates in the outskirt of Ipoh. Today, seventy percent of the population in Ipoh are from Chinese descendant, while Malays, Indians and other races are considered minority group. Despite having such diverse races and cultures, Ipoh residents have lived in peace and harmony for more than hundred years. The existence of multi-racial and cultural differences has become an asset to tourism industry in Ipoh.Nature Geographically, Ipoh is located in the valley surrounded by Titiwangsa mountain range which runs to east of the city and Kledang Mountain range which stretches from the north to the west. The panoramic view of hills and mountains can be seen from the city centre, and the valleys rich with lush greenery terrains were upgraded and beautify as recreational parks and gardens. Ipoh is surrounded by clusters of towering limestone surmounted with lush greenery, and features natural caves, picturesque lake, waterfalls and geothermal hot springs.